Here is a post from the Harvard Business School site, where Prof.James Heskett writes about a real life experience of a self-management strategy.
Taco Bell’s management decided to open thousands of new location with this management strategy:
One part of the solution was to create fewer, higher-paying management positions. The other was to train thousands of entry-level workers at its stores to manage themselves.
The result was VERY good.
Have a look at the article for further info.